Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ID
ER 79
Canon 77 of the Council of Elvira allows the deacons to baptize without a bishop or presbyter. Collection of canons associated with the Council of Elvira (Iberian Peninsula), ca AD 300/600.
Canon 77
 
De baptizatis qui nondum confirmati moriuntur.
 
Si quis diaconus regens plebem sine episcopo uel presbytero aliquos babtizauerit, episcopus eos per benedictionem perficere debebit. Quod si ante de saeculo recesserint, sub fide qua quis credidit poterit esse iustus.
 
(ed. Vives 1963: 15)
Canon 77
 
On the baptized who die without confirmation
 
If a deacon who leads the people without bishop or presbyter baptizes, a bishop shall give a benediction to those baptized. If however someone dies before the benediction, he can be justified through the faith he or she professed.
 
(trans. M. Szada)
 

Place of event:

Region
  • Iberian Peninsula
City
  • Elvira

About the source:

Title: Council of Elvira, Concilium Eliberritanum
Origin: Elvira (Iberian Peninsula)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The exact date of the council and the nature of the Elvira canons continues to be debated. Vilella and Barred 2006, Villela 2014 argue that it is late, heterogenous compilation created in many phases between late 4th century and the second half of the 6th. Unitary view is defended by Sotomayor and Berdugo Villena, in Sotomayor, Fernandez Ubina eds. 2008: 89-114. The council is usually dated for the first quarter of the 4th century, see Sotomayor in Sotomayor, Fernandez Ubina eds. 2008: 137-168).  For the more complete account of the recent research on the council of Elvira see Sánchez 2008.
Edition:
Editions:
Concilium Eliberritanum, in: J. Vives ed., Concilios visigóticos e hispano-romanos, Barcelona-Madrid 1963.
G. Martínez Díez, F. Rodríguez, eds., La colección canónica Hispana, v. 4 Concilios Galos. Concilios Hispanos: primera parte, Madrid 1984.
Bibliography:
M.J.L. Sánchez, "L’état actuel de la recherche sur le concile d’Elvire", Revue des sciences religieuses 82 (2008), 517-546.
M. Sotomayor and T. Berdugo Villena, "Valoración de las actas" in: M. Sotomayor, J. Fernández Ubiña, El Concilio de Elvira y su tiempo, Granada 2005, 89-114.
M. Sotomayor, "Sobre la fecha del concilio" in: M. Sotomayor, J. Fernández Ubiña, El Concilio de Elvira y su tiempo, Granada 2005, 137-168.
J. Vilella, P.-E. Barreda, Istituto Patristico Augustinianum, "¿Cánones del Concilio de Elvira o Cánones Pseudoiliberritanos?", Augustinianum 46 (2006), 285-373.
J. Vilella, "The Pseudo-Iliberritan Canon Texts", Zeitschrift für Antikes Christentum / Journal of Ancient Christianity 18 (2014), 210-259.

Categories:

Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
    Ritual activity - Baptism and instructing catechumens
      Ritual activity - Presiding at prayer
        Public law - Ecclesiastical
          Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER79, http://www.presbytersproject.ihuw.pl/index.php?id=6&SourceID=79