Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 614
According to the law issued by King Reccesvinth (ca AD 649-672), when a ward is able to assume the managment of his affairs his guardian shall give account of the care of his property in the presence of a priest or a judge. The codification is known as the Lex Visigothorum (issued and revised several times between 569 and 702).
Ne tutores ab eis, quos in tuitione habent, quascumque scripturas extorquere presumant.
[...] Cum vero tempus illut advenerit, quando eum, qui sub tuitione fuit, rem in sua potestate oporteat redigere, tunc ille tutor, coram sacerdote vel iudice pupillo de cunctis rebus reddita ratione, ab eo, quem tuitus est, securitatis scripturam procuret accipere; sicque remota omni occasione pressure, aut recipiat pupillus, quod iuste sibi deberi cognoverit, aut libero arbitrio de rebus suis, utrum cessionem, an qualem voluerit ordinare definitionem, plenam habeat libertatem.
(ed. Zeumer 1902: 192-193)
Guardians shall have no right to exact from wards in their charge any instruments in writing whatever.
[...] When the time shall come that he who has been under guardianship shall have the right to assume the management of his own affairs, the guardian shall give a complete account of the care of his ward's property, in the presence of a priest or a judge, and shall receive from his former ward a full discharge from all obligations; so that, all restraint being removed, the said ward may come into full possession of his property, and have the right to dispose of it at his pleasure. [...]
(trans. S.P. Scott 1910: 134)


On the role of priests in the procedures concerning guardianship see also [233].

Place of event:

  • Iberian Peninsula

About the source:

Title: Lex Visigothorum, Liber iudiciorum, Liber iudiciorum sive Lex Visigothorum
Origin: Toledo (Iberian Peninsula)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Lex Visigothorum is a codification of law first composed during the reign of King Leovigild (569-586) on the basis of the Code of Euric, but the origin of all extant manuscripts is its revised version from the reign of King Recceswinth (649-672). The codification was also enlarged in the times of King Ervig (680-687) and Ecgica (687-702).
K. Zeumer ed., Liber iudiciorum sive lex Visigothorum, Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Leges nationum Germanicarum 1, Hannover, Leipzig 1902, 33-456.
The Visigothic Code (Forum Judicum), trans. S.P. Scott, Boston 1910
Leges Visigothorum in: Bibliotheca legum regni Francorum manuscripta,  Karl Ubl (Ed.) assisted by Dominik Trump and Daniela Schulz, Cologne 2012. URL:
K. Schäferdiek, Die Kirche in den Reichen der Westgoten und Suewen bis zur Errichtung der westgotischen katholischen Staatskirche, Berlin 1967.


Described by a title - Sacerdos/ἱερεύς
    Private law - Secular
      Legal practice
        Equal prerogatives of presbyters and bishops
          Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER614,