Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 611
The law issued by king Recceswinth (ca AD 649-672), redacted anew in the codification of King Ervig (AD 680-687) orders that wills must be published in the presence of a priest. The codification known as the Lex Visigothorum (issued and revised several times between 569 and 702).
Qualiter confici vel firmari conveniat ultimas hominum voluntates.
[...] Id tantum magno opere procurandum est, ut scripture ille, que secundum primi et secundi ordinis confectionem sunt alligate, id est, sive que auctoris et testium manu suscripte, seu que utrarumque partium signis extiterint roborate, infra sex menses iuxta legem aliam sacerdoti pateant publicande. [...]
(ed. K. Zeumer 1905: 114)
How wills shall be drawn up and proved.
[...] But care must especially be taken that those wills that are executed according to the first and second regulations, that is, such as are signed by the testator and witnesses, or confirmed by the seals of either of these parties, shall be published in the presence of a priest within six months, as has been provided for in another law. [...]
(trans. S.P. Scott 1910: 67; slightly altered)


The text of the law issued by Reccesvinth has been completely reformulated in the redaction of the Lex Visigothorum of King Ervig. Zeumer prints two texts in two columns. The quotation about priests convoked by the bishop comes from the later redaction.
The discrepancy in numeration of the law is caused by differences in manuscript tradition.
The law makes allusion to the regulations of king Chindasvinth [610].

Place of event:

  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Gaul

About the source:

Title: Lex Visigothorum, Liber iudiciorum, Liber iudiciorum sive Lex Visigothorum
Origin: Iberian Peninsula
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Lex Visigothorum is a codification of law first composed during the reign of King Leovigild (569-586) on the basis of the Code of Euric, but the origin of all extant manuscripts is its revised version from the reign of King Recceswinth (649-672). The codification was also enlarged in the times of King Ervig (680-687) and Ecgica (687-702).
K. Zeumer ed., Liber iudiciorum sive lex Visigothorum, Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Leges nationum Germanicarum 1, Hannover, Leipzig 1902, 33-456.
The Visigothic Code (Forum Judicum), trans. S.P. Scott, Boston 1910


Described by a title - Sacerdos/ἱερεύς
    Private law - Secular
      Legal practice
        Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER611,