Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 595
Pope Conon (AD 686-687), formerly a presbyter in Rome, is generous towards the clergy. Account of the Life of Conon, written in Rome shortly after his death, as a part of the Liber Pontificalis.
85. Conon, oriundus patre Thraceseo, edocatus apud Siciliam, postmodum Romam veniens eiusdem ecclesiae militans ad presbyterii honorem devenit.
In cuius electione, dum ad episcopatum queretur, non minima contentio facta est, eo quod clerus in Petrum archipresbiterum intendebat, exercitus autem in sequentem eius Theodorum presbiterum. [...]
Neither Peter, no Theodore was able to prevail, so:
[...] Et dum missi ab utrisque partibus responso irent diutius et redirent et nihil proficeret ad concordiam, consilio ducti sacerdotes et clerus uniaminiter ingredientes in episcopio Lateranense elegerunt et denominaverunt tertiam personam suprafati pontificis […].
Hic ultra consuetudinem, absque consensu cleri, ex inmissione malorum hominum, in antipathia ecclesiasticorum, Constantinum, diaconum ecclesiae Syracusane, rectorem in patrimonio Siciilae constituit, hominem perperum et tergiversutum. [...]
Hic dimisit omni clero, monasteriis diaconis et mansionariis benedictionem in auro, sicuti praecessor eius Benedictus papa.
(ed. Duchesne 1886: 368-369)
85. Conon.
His father was a Thracesian; he was educated in Sicily, and later he came to Rome where he served the Church and attained the dignity of a presbyter. During his election, there was not a small argument, because the clergy wanted to choose the archpresbyter Peter, and the army the presbyter Theodore, second to Peter in hierarchy. [...]
Neither Peter, no Theodore was able to prevail, so:
[...] The representatives sent by both sides to find a solution talked for a long time and did not arrive at an agreement, so the priests and clergy found a solution: they unanimously entered the Lateran episcopium and designated a third person, that is the aforementioned pontiff. [...]
He established Constantine, the deacon of the Church of Syracuse, a fraudulent and evasive man, as the rector of the patrimony in Sicily, against the custom, without the consent of the clergy, by the meddling of bad people, to the outrage of the religious. [...]
[…] He left to the entire clergy, to the monasteries of the charitable service, and to the church wardens, the benediction in gold, as his predecessor Benedict.
(trans. S. Adamiak)


In one of the manuscripts Greece is indicated as Conon's birthplace. 'Thraceseus' does not mean that the father of Conon originated from Thrace, but from the theme of Thracesians in western Asia Minor.
It is unclear whether the nomination of deacon Constantine as the rector of the Sicilian patrimony was unpopular because it was against the will of the clergy of Rome or of Sicily.

Place of event:

  • Rome
  • Rome

About the source:

Title: Liber Pontificalis, The Book of Pontiffs, Gesta Pontificum Romanorum
Origin: Rome (Rome)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Liber Pontificalis is a major source for the history of the papacy in the first millenium. It is a collection of the lives of popes, starting from St Peter and kept going through to 870. Liber Pontificalis is prefaced by two apocryphical letters of Pope Damasus and Jerome, but it cannot be dated to that period. Although Mommsen tended to put the date of the actual compilation as late as the seventh century, nowadays Duchesne`s view is generally accepted that there were two editions made in the 530s-540s. The first, presumably completed soon after 530, has not survived as such, though we have two epitomes made from it (known as “Felician” and “Cononian” from the names of the popes at which they end). Duchesne tried to reconstruct it in his edition, but we follow the second edition presented by him, which was completed by the siege of Rome in 546. The work was then left aside for some time, and taken up again probably under Honorius (625-638) or shortly afterwards; hence the additions were written shortly after each pontiff`s death.
Liber starts to provide some more reliable information with the times of Pope Leo I (440-461), and becomes very well informed with the end of the fifth century. The lives of earlier popes cannot be considered as a valid source of information about their lifetime. However, those notices are a precious source for the sixth century: we learn what was considered an old tradition at the time, and how the past of the Roman church was being seen and constructed then. It is especially important when we deal with the liturgy.
 L. Duchesne ed., Le `Liber Pontificalis`, vol. 1., Paris 1886.
 T. Mommsen ed., Liber Pontificalis pars prior, Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Gesta Pontificum Romanorum 1, Berlin 1898.
 The Book of Pontiffs (Liber Pontificalis). The ancient biographies of the first ninety Roman bishops to AD 715, revised edition, translated with an introduction by R. Davis, Liverpool 2000.


Non-Latin Origin - Greek
Travel and change of residence
Former ecclesiastical career - Lower clergy
Former ecclesiastical career - Unspecified clerical grade
Further ecclesiastical career - Bishop
Functions within the Church - Archpresbyter
Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Ecclesiastical administration - Administering Church property
    Ecclesiastical administration - Election of Church authorities
      Episcopal ambitions
      Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: S. Adamiak, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER595,