Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 584
The clergy of Rome force Pope Eugene I (AD 654-657) to reject the letter from Peter, patriarch of Constantinople, about the wills in Christ. Rome, AD 656 AD. Account of the "Life of Eugene", written in Rome shortly after his death, as a part of the Liber Pontificalis.
77. Eugenius
Huius temporibus Petrus, patriarcha Constantinopolitanus, direxit synodicum ad sedem apostolicam, iuxta consuetudinem, omnino obscurissimam et ultra regula, non autem declarans operationes aut voluntates in domino nostro Iesu Christo. Et accensus populus vel clerus eo quod talem synodicam direxisset, minime est suscepta, sed cum maiore strepitu est a sancta Dei ecclesia proiecta; ut etiam nec eundem papam demitteret populus vel clerus missas celebrare in basilica Dei genetricis semperque virginis Mariae quae appellatur ad Praesepe, nisi promisisset hic ipse pontifex minime eam aliquando suscipere.
(ed. Duchesne 1886: 341)
77. Eugene
In his time Peter, patriarch  of Constantinople, following custom, sent a synodical letter to the apostolic see; it was completely unintelligible and went beyond the canons, failing to be explicit about the operations and wills in our Lord Jesus Christ. The people and clergy were insensed that he had sent such a synodical letter and refused to accept it, but with a great outcry it was flung out of God's holy church – the people and clergy would not even let the pope finish celebrating mass in the basilica of the ever-virgin Mary mother of God, called ad praesepe (at the Crib), until the pontiff himself had promised them he would permanently reject it.
(trans. R. Davis)


The basilica of the Mother of God ad praesepe is Santa Maria Maggiore.

Place of event:

  • Rome
  • Rome

About the source:

Title: Liber Pontificalis, The Book of Pontiffs, Gesta Pontificum Romanorum
Origin: Rome (Rome)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Liber Pontificalis is a major source for the history of the papacy in the first millenium. It is a collection of the lives of popes, starting from St Peter and kept going through to 870. Liber Pontificalis is prefaced by two apocryphical letters of Pope Damasus and Jerome, but it cannot be dated to that period. Although Mommsen tended to put the date of the actual compilation as late as the seventh century, nowadays Duchesne`s view is generally accepted that there were two editions made in the 530s-540s. The first, presumably completed soon after 530, has not survived as such, though we have two epitomes made from it (known as “Felician” and “Cononian” from the names of the popes at which they end). Duchesne tried to reconstruct it in his edition, but we follow the second edition presented by him, which was completed by the siege of Rome in 546. The work was then left aside for some time, and taken up again probably under Honorius (625-638) or shortly afterwards; hence the additions were written shortly after each pontiff`s death.
Liber starts to provide some more reliable information with the times of Pope Leo I (440-461), and becomes very well informed with the end of the fifth century. The lives of earlier popes cannot be considered as a valid source of information about their lifetime. However, those notices are a precious source for the sixth century: we learn what was considered an old tradition at the time, and how the past of the Roman church was being seen and constructed then. It is especially important when we deal with the liturgy.
 L. Duchesne ed., Le `Liber Pontificalis`, vol. 1., Paris 1886.
 T. Mommsen ed., Liber Pontificalis pars prior, Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Gesta Pontificum Romanorum 1, Berlin 1898.
 The Book of Pontiffs (Liber Pontificalis). The ancient biographies of the first ninety Roman bishops to AD 715, revised edition, translated with an introduction by R. Davis, Liverpool 2000.


Functions within the Church - Urban presbyter
    Described by a title - Clericus
      Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
        Relation with - Townsman
          Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: S. Adamiak, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER584,