Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 577
Pope Adeodatus I (Deusdedit; AD 615-618) loves the clergy and recalls them to their previous posts, establishes the second Mass for the clergy, and gives them an allowance for his funeral. The account of the Liber Pontificalis (written in Rome before AD 640).
70. Deusdedit
[...] Hic clerum multum dilexit, sacerdotes et clerum ad loca pristina revocavit.
[…] Hic constituit secunda missa in clero.
[...] Hic demisit pro obsequias suas ad omnem clerum rogam integram. [...]
(ed. Duchesne 1886: 319)
70. Deusdedit
[...] He loved the clergy very much, he recalled the priests and clergy to their previous places.
[…] He established the second Mass for the clergy.
[…] For his funeral he gave to the whole clergy one entire allowance (roga). [...]
(trans. S. Adamiak)


The events mentioned in the passage probably describe the reaction against the government of Boniface, the faithful disciple of Gregory I, who therefore favoured monks. The sense of the "second Mass" is unclear. Duchesne hypothesises that it might be a second office of the evening, called erroneuosly "missa", as in Canon 30 of the council of Agde in AD 506 (Duchesne 1886: 316). The "roga" is also difficult to translate, but it must relate to some kind of a financial gift.

Place of event:

  • Rome
  • Rome

About the source:

Title: Liber Pontificalis, The Book of Pontiffs, Gesta Pontificum Romanorum
Origin: Rome (Rome)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Liber Pontificalis is a major source for the history of the papacy in the first millenium. It is a collection of the lives of popes, starting from St Peter and kept going through to 870. Liber Pontificalis is prefaced by two apocryphical letters of Pope Damasus and Jerome, but it cannot be dated to that period. Although Mommsen tended to put the date of the actual compilation as late as the seventh century, nowadays Duchesne`s view is generally accepted that there were two editions made in the 530s-540s. The first, presumably completed soon after 530, has not survived as such, though we have two epitomes made from it (known as “Felician” and “Cononian” from the names of the popes at which they end). Duchesne tried to reconstruct it in his edition, but we follow the second edition presented by him, which was completed by the siege of Rome in 546. The work was then left aside for some time, and taken up again probably under Honorius (625-638) or shortly afterwards; hence the additions were written shortly after each pontiff`s death.
Liber starts to provide some more reliable information with the times of Pope Leo I (440-461), and becomes very well informed with the end of the fifth century. The lives of earlier popes cannot be considered as a valid source of information about their lifetime. However, those notices are a precious source for the sixth century: we learn what was considered an old tradition at the time, and how the past of the Roman church was being seen and constructed then. It is especially important when we deal with the liturgy.
 L. Duchesne ed., Le `Liber Pontificalis`, vol. 1., Paris 1886.
 T. Mommsen ed., Liber Pontificalis pars prior, Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Gesta Pontificum Romanorum 1, Berlin 1898.
 The Book of Pontiffs (Liber Pontificalis). The ancient biographies of the first ninety Roman bishops to AD 715, revised edition, translated with an introduction by R. Davis, Liverpool 2000.


Described by a title - Sacerdos/ἱερεύς
    Ritual activity - Eucharist
      Ritual activity - Burying the dead
        Economic status and activity - Gift
            Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: S. Adamiak, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER577,