The law was issued by king Wamba in November 673 AD, only a year after his accesion to the throne. Wamba's election was followed by the conspiracy of count Ilderic of Nimes (Gaul), Bishop Gumild of Maguelonne (Gaul) and abbot Ranimir in the province of Narbo. Probably they wanted to transfer their allegiance to the Frankish kings. In the same time the Ebro valley was troubled by the raids of Basques. In 673 AD Wamba sent count Paul to suppress the revolt in Nimes, but the count revolted against Wamba and decided to become the king himself (he was anointed in Barcelona (Iberian Peninsula)). Paul managed to recruit the followers in the north-eastern Iberian Peninsula, but Wamba suppressed Basques, defeated him, and regained Gerona (Iberian Peninsula), Barcelona and Narbonne (Gaul). Paul was humilitated and decalvated in Toledo, then sent into exile. These events are primarly known from the Historia Wambae of Julian of Toledo (Collins 2004: 92-95).
Thiufadus was a military official and a judge. In hierarchy he rates after comes and vicarius. According to Wiener (1915: 31-32) the name derived from the Latin devotus, the honorific title of the executive officer of the king. Gardingus was probably not a part of military and judicial hierarchy. It seems that gardingi were persons near to the king, and, as ethymology suggests, they might serve as royal guards (Wiener 1915: 64-65).