Canon 1 continues the tradition of political legislation of the previous council of Toledo, but here emphasis is on the conspirators working abroad (Collins 2004: 83-84). This was connected with the political persecutions led by Chindaswinth against some members of the nobility (see Fredegar IV, 82: "When he dethroned Tulga he had him tonsured; and then, having made sure of his power throughout the Spanish kingdom and knowing the Gothic weakness for dethroning their kings (for he had often been involved with them in such conspiracies), he ordered the killing, one by one, of all those whom he knew to have been compromised in rebellion against kings who had been dethroned. Others he condemned to exile, and gave their wives, daughters and inherited possession to his followers." trans. Wallace-Hadrill 1981: 70). Some of them most probably fled the kingdom.
In the section about confiscation of property the canon makes allusion to the secular law issued by Chindaswinth probably in the same year and included in the Lex Visigothorum (II, 1, 8, ed. K. Zeumer 1902: 53-57; about this codification see discussion about the source in ).