Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 503
The bishops gathered at the council of Milevis (North Africa), AD 416, write to Pope Innocent I about Caelestius, whom they consider a heretic and who was ordained afterwards a presbyter in the province of Asia. (Letter 176 in Augustine`s correspondence).
Letter 176
4.  Huius autem perniciosissimi erroris auctores esse perhibentur Pelagius et Caelestius, quos quidem in ecclesia sanari malumus quam desperata salute ab ecclesia resecari, si necessitas nulla compellat. Quorum unus, id est Caelestius etiam ad presbyterium
in Asia dicitur peruenisse, de quo ante paucos annos quid gestum fuerit, sanctitas tua de Carthaginensi ecclesia melius instruitur. [...]
(ed. Goldbacher 1904: 667)
Letter 176
4. The authors of this most destructive error are said to be Pelagius and Caelestius, whom we of course prefer to be healed in the Church rather than to be cut off from the Church with no hope of salvation, if no necessity demands this. One of these, that is Caelestius, is also said to have entered the priesthood [presbyterium] in Asia; Your Holiness is better instructed by the church of Carthage about the proceedings against him a few years ago. [...]
(trans. R. Teske, slightly altered)


See also [497].

Place of event:

  • Latin North Africa
  • East
  • Carthage
  • Milevis

About the source:

Author: Augustine of Hippo
Title: Letters, Epistulae
Origin: Milevis (Latin North Africa)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The letters of Augustine of Hippo cover a wide range of topics: Holy Scripture, dogma and liturgy, philosophy, religious practice and everyday life. They range from full-scale theological treatises to small notes asking someone for a favour. The preserved corpus includes 308 letters, 252 written by Augustine, 49 that others sent to him and seven exchanged between third parties. 29 letters have been discovered only in the 20th century and edited in 1981 by Johannes Divjak; they are distinguished by the asterisk (*) after their number.
The preserved letters of Augustine extend over the period from his stay at Cassiciacum in 386 to his death in Hippo in 430.
A. Goldbacher ed., S. Augustini Hipponiensis Episcopi Epistulae, Pars 3, Ep. 124-174A, Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum 44, Vienna-Leipzig 1904.
Saint Augustine, Letters 100-155, trans. R. Teske, New York 2003.


Religious grouping (other than Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian) - Pelagian
Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: S. Adamiak, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER503,