Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 483
Canon 58 of the Fourth Council of Toledo (Iberian Peninsula, AD 633) forbids clerics to give patronage to Jews.
[Titulus in recensione Iuliana] LVIII De cupiditate episcopi presbyteri diaconi siue clerici contra fidem Christianam Iudaeis suffragium praestiterint.
[Titulus in recensione Vulgata] LVIII De his qui contra fidem Christi Iudaeis munus uel fauorem praestant.
Canon 58
Tanta est quorundam cupiditas ut quidam eam appetentes, iuxta quod ait Apostolus, etiam a fide errauerint [1 Tim 6:10]; multi quippe hucusque ex sacerdotibus atque laicis accipientes a Iudaeis munera perfidiam eorum patrocinio suo fouebant, qui non immerito ex corpore Antichristi esse noscuntur, quia contra Christum faciunt. Quicumque igitur deinceps episcopus siue clericus siue saecularis illis contra fidem Christianam suffragium uel munere uel fauore praestiterit, uere ut profanus et sacrilegus anathema effectus ab ecclesia catholica et regno Dei efficiatur extraneus, quia dignum est ut a corpore Christi separetur qui inimicis Christi patronus efficitur.
(eds. Martinez Diez, Rodriguez 1992: 168, 176, 236-237)
[Title in the recension Iuliana] LVIII On the greed of a bishop, presbyter, deacon, or other cleric, who offers support to Jews against the Christian faith.
[Title in the recension Vulgata] LVIII On those who against the Christian faith offer favours or gifts to Jews.
Canon 58
Such is the desire for money of some people, according to what the Apostle said, "which some coveting have erred from the faith" [1 Tim 6:10]. Up to now plenty of priests and laymen having accepted money from Jews offer their support to the Jewish perfidy. The Jews are rightly known as coming from the body of Antichrist, because they act against Christ. Then, if a bishop, another cleric or a layman offers them support or money or favour against the Christian faith, he shall be excommunicated from the Catholic Church as profane and sacrilegious and made a stranger to the kingdom of God, because it is right to separate from the body of Christ a person who acted as a patron of the enemies of Christ.
(trans. M. Szada)

Place of event:

  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Toledo

About the source:

Title: Fourth Council of Toledo (633), IV Council of Toledo, IV Concilium Toletanum, IIII Concilium Toletanum, Concilium Toletanum quartum a. 633
Origin: Toledo (Iberian Peninsula)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The Fourth Council of Toledo was a council of the whole Visigothic church (86 bishops were present) gathered by King Sisenand (631-636)  in 633 and held under the presidency of Isidore of Seville. It is sometimes claimed on stylistic grounds that Isidore was an author of the decrees (Collins 2004: 79).
The acts of the Fourth Council of Toledo are transmitted in the 7th-century canonical collection from Spain, the so-called Hispana. Its authorship has been attributed to the Isidore of Seville (it is still accepted by Martinez Diez 1966; other scholars reject this attribution: Munier 1966; Gaudemet 1967: 122-124; Schaferdiek 1967: 144-148; Landau 1968: 406-418). This collection has several recensions: a primitive one, the so-called Isidoriana, lost today; the Juliana recension edited after 681 and attributed to the Julian of Toledo, that adds to the previous recension the acts and canons of the councils from the Fifth Council of Toledo do the Twelfth (in 681); the Vulgata recension edited between 694 and 702 that adds the acts and canons of the councils from the the Thirteenth Council of Toledo up to the Seventeenth held in 694, this recension was the most widespread during the Middle Ages (more bibliography see Kéry 1999: 61-67). The two recensions Iuliana and Vulgata give different titles to the canons of the Fourth Council of Toledo (Martinez Diez 1992: 17-20).
G. Martínez Díez, F. Rodríguez eds., La colección canónica Hispana, Monumenta Hispaniae sacra. Serie canónica 5, Madrid 1992.
R. Collins, Visigothic Spain, 409-711, Oxford, OX, UK; Malden, MA, USA 2004.
J. Gaudemet, review of: 'G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1', Revue historique de droit français et étranger 4e ser.  45 (1967), 122-124.
L. Kéry, Canonical collections of the early Middle Ages (ca. 400-1140): a bibliographical guide to the manuscripts and literature, Washington, D.C 1999.
P. Landau, review of: 'G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1', Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte Kanonistische Abteilung 54 (1968), 406-414.
G. Martínez Díez, La Colección canónica Hispana, vol. 1 Estudio, Madrid 1966.
C. Munier, 'Saint Isidore de Séville est-il l’auteur de I’Hispana chronologique?', Sacris Erudiri 17 (1966), 230-241.
K. Schäferdiek, review of: 'G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1', Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 78 (1967), 144-148.
M. Sotomayor, 'Las relaciones iglesia urbana-iglesia rural en los concilios hispano-romanos y visigodos', Sacralidad y Arqueologia, Antig. Crist. (Murcia) 21 (2004), 525-539.


Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
    Described by a title - Clericus
      Public law - Ecclesiastical
          Relation with - Jew
            Administration of justice - Ecclesiastical
              Administration of justice - Excommunication/Anathema
                Public functions and offices after ordination
                    Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER483,