Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 481
Canon 53 of the Fourth Council of Toledo (Iberian Peninsula, AD 633) orders bishops to force vagabond monks to enter either a monastery or the clergy.
[Titulus in recensione Iuliana] LIII De religiosis propiae regionis qui nec inter clericos nec inter monachos habentur.
[Titulus in recensione Vulgata] LIII De religiosis uagis qui nec inter clericos nec inter monachos habentur.
Canon 53
Religiosi propriae regionis qui nec inter clericos nec inter monachos habentur, siue ii qui per diuersa loca uagi feruntur, ab episcopis in quorum conuentu commanere noscuntur licentia eorum coerceatur, in clero aut in monasteriis deputati, praeter hii qui ab episcopo suo aut propter aetatem aut propter languorem fuerint absoluti.
(eds. Martinez Diez, Rodriguez 1992: 168, 175, 232)
[Title in the recension Iuliana] LIII On the religious of one's region who are not clerics nor monks.
[Title in the recension Vulgata] LIII On the vagabond religious who are not clerics nor monks.
Canon 53
If bishops learn that some religious of their regions who are neither clerics nor monks, but who wander through different places are staying in their region, they shall limit their freedom by enlisting them to the clergy or sending them to monasteries. They can be absolved from this by the bishop only because of advanced age or illness.
(trans. M. Szada)

Place of event:

  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Toledo

About the source:

Title: Fourth Council of Toledo (633), IV Council of Toledo, IV Concilium Toletanum, IIII Concilium Toletanum, Concilium Toletanum quartum a. 633
Origin: Toledo (Iberian Peninsula)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The Fourth Council of Toledo was a council of the whole Visigothic church (86 bishops were present) gathered by King Sisenand (631-636)  in 633 and held under the presidency of Isidore of Seville. It is sometimes claimed on stylistic grounds that Isidore was an author of the decrees (Collins 2004: 79).
The acts of the Fourth Council of Toledo are transmitted in the 7th-century canonical collection from Spain, the so-called Hispana. Its authorship has been attributed to the Isidore of Seville (it is still accepted by Martinez Diez 1966; other scholars reject this attribution: Munier 1966; Gaudemet 1967: 122-124; Schaferdiek 1967: 144-148; Landau 1968: 406-418). This collection has several recensions: a primitive one, the so-called Isidoriana, lost today; the Juliana recension edited after 681 and attributed to the Julian of Toledo, that adds to the previous recension the acts and canons of the councils from the Fifth Council of Toledo do the Twelfth (in 681); the Vulgata recension edited between 694 and 702 that adds the acts and canons of the councils from the the Thirteenth Council of Toledo up to the Seventeenth held in 694, this recension was the most widespread during the Middle Ages (more bibliography see Kéry 1999: 61-67). The two recensions Iuliana and Vulgata give different titles to the canons of the Fourth Council of Toledo (Martinez Diez 1992: 17-20).
G. Martínez Díez, F. Rodríguez eds., La colección canónica Hispana, Monumenta Hispaniae sacra. Serie canónica 5, Madrid 1992.
R. Collins, Visigothic Spain, 409-711, Oxford, OX, UK; Malden, MA, USA 2004.
J. Gaudemet, review of: "G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1", Revue historique de droit français et étranger 4e ser.  45 (1967), 122-124.
L. Kéry, Canonical collections of the early Middle Ages (ca. 400-1140): a bibliographical guide to the manuscripts and literature, Washington, D.C 1999.
P. Landau, review of: "G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1", Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte Kanonistische Abteilung 54 (1968), 406-414.
G. Martínez Díez, La Colección canónica Hispana, vol. 1 Estudio, Madrid 1966.
C. Munier, "Saint Isidore de Séville est-il l’auteur de I’Hispana chronologique?", Sacris Erudiri 17 (1966), 230-241.
K. Schäferdiek, review of: "G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1", Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 78 (1967), 144-148.
M. Sotomayor, "Las relaciones iglesia urbana-iglesia rural en los concilios hispano-romanos y visigodos", Sacralidad y Arqueologia, Antig. Crist. (Murcia) 21 (2004), 525-539.


Functions within the Church - Wandering presbyter/Without office
    Described by a title - Clericus
      Monastic or common life - Cenobitic monk
        Public law - Ecclesiastical
          Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
            Monastic or common life
              Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER481,