Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 457
Canon 47 of the Fourth Council of Toledo (Iberian Peninsula, AD 633) and King Sisenand exempt the clergy from taxes and services.
[Titulus in recensione Iuliana] XLVII De praecepto domni nostri Sisenandi regis
[Titulus in recensione Vulgata] XLVII De absolutione a laboribus uel indictionibus clericorum ingenuorum
Canon 47
Praecipiente domno nostro atque excellentissimo Sisenando rege, id constituit sanctum concilium, ut omnes ingenui clerici pro officio religionis ab omni publica indictione atque labore habeantur immunes, ut liberi deo seruiant nullaque praepediti necessitate ab ecclesiasticis officiis retrahantur.
(eds. Martinez Diez, Rodriguez 1992: 167, 175, 229)
[Title in the recension Iuliana] XLVII On the precept of our lord King Sisenand
[Title in the recension Vulgata] XLVII On the exemption of free-born clerics from all the taxes and services
Canon 47
At the command of our lord, most excellent King Sisenand, the holy council decreed that all the free-born clerics should be free from all public taxes and services because of their religious office in order that they serve God in freedom and do not withdraw from their ecclesiastical duties entangled by some necessity.
(trans. M. Szada)


For the interpretation of this canon see Martinez Diez (1959: 180-181), King (1972: 88), and Díaz Martínez 1987: 70.

Place of event:

  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Toledo

About the source:

Title: Fourth Council of Toledo (633), IV Council of Toledo, IV Concilium Toletanum, IIII Concilium Toletanum, Concilium Toletanum quartum a. 633
Origin: Toledo (Iberian Peninsula)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The Fourth Council of Toledo was a council of the whole Visigothic church (86 bishops were present) gathered by King Sisenand (631-636)  in 633 and held under the presidency of Isidore of Seville. It is sometimes claimed on stylistic grounds that Isidore was an author of the decrees (Collins 2004: 79).
The acts of the Fourth Council of Toledo are transmitted in the 7th-century canonical collection from Spain, the so-called Hispana. Its authorship has been attributed to the Isidore of Seville (it is still accepted by Martinez Diez 1966; other scholars reject this attribution: Munier 1966; Gaudemet 1967: 122-124; Schaferdiek 1967: 144-148; Landau 1968: 406-418). This collection has several recensions: a primitive one, the so-called Isidoriana, lost today; the Juliana recension edited after 681 and attributed to the Julian of Toledo, that adds to the previous recension the acts and canons of the councils from the Fifth Council of Toledo do the Twelfth (in 681); the Vulgata recension edited between 694 and 702 that adds the acts and canons of the councils from the the Thirteenth Council of Toledo up to the Seventeenth held in 694, this recension was the most widespread during the Middle Ages (more bibliography see Kéry 1999: 61-67). The two recensions Iuliana and Vulgata give different titles to the canons of the Fourth Council of Toledo (Martinez Diez 1992: 17-20).
G. Martínez Díez, F. Rodríguez eds., La colección canónica Hispana, Monumenta Hispaniae sacra. Serie canónica 5, Madrid 1992.
R. Collins, Visigothic Spain, 409-711, Oxford, OX, UK; Malden, MA, USA 2004.
P. de la C. Díaz Martínez, Formas económicas y sociales en el monacato visigodo, Salamanca 1987.
G. Martínez Díez, "El patrimonio eclesiástico en la España visigoda: estudio histórico-jurídico”, Miscelánea Comillas: Revista de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales 17 (1959), 5-200.
J. Gaudemet, review of: 'G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1', Revue historique de droit français et étranger 4e ser.  45 (1967), 122-124.
L. Kéry, Canonical collections of the early Middle Ages (ca. 400-1140): a bibliographical guide to the manuscripts and literature, Washington, D.C 1999.
P.D. King, Law and Society in the Visigothic Kingdom, Cambridge 1972.
P. Landau, review of: 'G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1', Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte Kanonistische Abteilung 54 (1968), 406-414.
G. Martínez Díez, La Colección canónica Hispana, vol. 1 Estudio, Madrid 1966.
C. Munier, 'Saint Isidore de Séville est-il l’auteur de I’Hispana chronologique?', Sacris Erudiri 17 (1966), 230-241.
K. Schaferdiek, review of: 'G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1', Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 78 (1967), 144-148.
M. Sotomayor, 'Las relaciones iglesia urbana-iglesia rural en los concilios hispano-romanos y visigodos', Sacralidad y Arqueologia, Antig. Crist. (Murcia) 21 (2004), 525-539.


Social origin or status - Monarchs and their family
    Described by a title - Clericus
      Economic status and activity - Taxes and services
        Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER457,