Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ID
ER 446
Canon 39 of the Fourth Council of Toledo (Iberian Peninsula, AD 633) orders to divide presbyters and deacons into two choirs.
[Titulus in recensione Iuliana] XXXVIIII Nonnulli diacones in tantam erumpunt superbia.
[Titulus in recensione Vulgata] XXXVIIII De discretione presbyterorum uel diaconorum, ut in utroque choro consistant.
 
Canon 39
 
Nonnulli diacones in tantam erumpunt superbiam ut sese presbyteris anteponant atque in primo choro ipsi priores stare praesumant, presbyteris in secundo choro constitutis. Ergo ut sublimiores sibi presbyteros agnoscant, tam hi quam illi in utroque choro consistant.  
 
(eds. Martinez Diez, Rodriguez 1992: 166, 174, 225)
[Title in the recension Iuliana] XXXVIIII Some deacons are so vainglorious that...
[Title in the recension Vulgata] XXXVIIII That presbyters and deacons shall be divided into two choirs.
  
Canon 39
 
Some deacons are so vainglorious that they exalt themselves over presbyters and want to stay as first in the first choir while presbyters stay in the second. Therefore, as they recognized that presbyters are more exalted, presbyters and deacons shall stay in two different choirs.
 
(trans. M. Szada)

Place of event:

Region
  • Iberian Peninsula
City
  • Toledo

About the source:

Title: Fourth Council of Toledo (633), IV Council of Toledo, IV Concilium Toletanum, IIII Concilium Toletanum, Concilium Toletanum quartum a. 633
Origin: Toledo (Iberian Peninsula)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The Fourth Council of Toledo was a council of the whole Visigothic church (86 bishops were present) gathered by King Sisenand (631-636)  in 633 and held under the presidency of Isidore of Seville. It is sometimes claimed on stylistic grounds that Isidore was an author of the decrees (Collins 2004: 79).
 
The acts of the Fourth Council of Toledo are transmitted in the 7th-century canonical collection from Spain, the so-called Hispana. Its authorship has been attributed to the Isidore of Seville (it is still accepted by Martinez Diez 1966; other scholars reject this attribution: Munier 1966; Gaudemet 1967: 122-124; Schaferdiek 1967: 144-148; Landau 1968: 406-418). This collection has several recensions: a primitive one, the so-called Isidoriana, lost today; the Juliana recension edited after 681 and attributed to the Julian of Toledo, that adds to the previous recension the acts and canons of the councils from the Fifth Council of Toledo do the Twelfth (in 681); the Vulgata recension edited between 694 and 702 that adds the acts and canons of the councils from the the Thirteenth Council of Toledo up to the Seventeenth held in 694, this recension was the most widespread during the Middle Ages (more bibliography see Kéry 1999: 61-67). The two recensions Iuliana and Vulgata give different titles to the canons of the Fourth Council of Toledo (Martinez Diez 1992: 17-20).
Edition:
G. Martínez Díez, F. Rodríguez eds., La colección canónica Hispana, Monumenta Hispaniae sacra. Serie canónica 5, Madrid 1992.
Bibliography:
R. Collins, Visigothic Spain, 409-711, Oxford, OX, UK; Malden, MA, USA 2004.
J. Gaudemet, review of: "G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1", Revue historique de droit français et étranger 4e ser.  45 (1967), 122-124.
L. Kéry, Canonical collections of the early Middle Ages (ca. 400-1140): a bibliographical guide to the manuscripts and literature, Washington, D.C 1999.
P. Landau, review of: "G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1", Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte Kanonistische Abteilung 54 (1968), 406-414.
G. Martínez Díez, La Colección canónica Hispana, vol. 1 Estudio, Madrid 1966.
C. Munier, "Saint Isidore de Séville est-il l’auteur de I’Hispana chronologique?", Sacris Erudiri 17 (1966), 230-241.
K. Schaferdiek, review of: "G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1", Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 78 (1967), 144-148.
M. Sotomayor, "Las relaciones iglesia urbana-iglesia rural en los concilios hispano-romanos y visigodos", Sacralidad y Arqueologia, Antig. Crist. (Murcia) 21 (2004), 525-539.

Categories:

Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
    Usurping presbyterial power
      Relation with - Deacon
        Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER446, http://www.presbytersproject.ihuw.pl/index.php?id=6&SourceID=446