Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 443
Canon 1 of the First Council of Orange (Gaul, AD 441) decrees that, if no bishop is present, a presbyter can anoint with chrism a heretic lying on his or her deathbed, if he or she wishes to convert to Catholicism.
[Titulum ex cod. M] I. De hereticis et mortis discretione positis.
[Titulum ex cod. A, R] I. Haeretici si in mortis discrimine positi catholici esse desiderant.
[Titulum ex Collectione Hispana] I. De haereticis si in morte discrimine conuertantur.
Haereticos in mortis discrimine positos, si catholici esse desiderant, si desit episcopus, a presbyteris cum chrismate et benedictione consignari placuit.
(ed. Munier 1963: 78, 91-92)
[Title from the codex M] I. Concerning heretics and those lying on their deathbed.
[Title from the codices A, R] I. [What to do] if heretics lying on their deathbed wish to become Catholics.
[Title from the Hispana Collection] I. Concerning heretics if they are converted on their deathbed.
It is decreed that, if no bishop is present, a presbyter can anoint with chrism and bless heretics lying on their deathbed, if they wish to become Catholics.
(trans. J. Szafranowski)


This canon is repeated in the so-called Second Council of Arles as canon 26 (25) (see Munier 1963: 119; e.g. [549]).

Place of event:

  • Gaul
  • Orange

About the source:

Title: First Council of Orange 441, Concilium Arausicanum I anno 441
Origin: Orange (Gaul)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The First Council of Orange gathered in 441 under Bishop Hilary of Arles. Some sixteen bishops were present, along with their presbyters and deacons, including one presbyter who was sent by the bishop in his stead (see [444]).
Ch. Munier ed., Concilia Galliae a. 314-a. 506, Corpus Christianorum. Series Latina 148, Turnhoult 1963.


Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
    Ritual activity - Anointment with chrism
      Public law - Ecclesiastical
        Relation with - Heretic/Schismatic
          Equal prerogatives of presbyters and bishops
            Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: J. Szafranowski, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER443,