Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 442
Canon 36 of the Fourth Council of Toledo (Iberian Peninsula, AD 633) allows bishops to send presbyters or deacons as their deputy-visitors to their dioceses.
[Titulus in recensione Iuliana] XXXVI Vt episcopum per cuncta dioceses parrociasque suas per singulos annos ire oporteat
[Titulus in recensione Vulgata] XXXVI De requisitione episcoporum per singulos annos in parrociis peragenda
Canon 36
Episcopum per cunctas dioceses parrociasque suas per singulos annos ire oportet ut exquirat quid unaquaeque basilica in reparationem sui indigeat. Quod si ipse aut languore detentus aut aliis occupationibus implicatus id explere nequiuerit, presbyteros probabiles aut diaconos mittat qui et reditus basilicarum et reparationes et ministrantium uitam inquirant.  
(eds. Martinez Diez, Rodriguez 1992: 166, 174, 218)
[Title in the recension Iuliana] XXXVI That bishops shall visit  their dioceses and parishes annually
[Title in the recension Vulgata] XXXVI On the bishops' obligation to visit their dioceses annually
Canon 36
Bishops must visit their dioceses and parishes every year in order to inquire what reparations the churches need. But if a bishop is either detained by sickness, or so involved in other affairs that retain him, let him send some approved presbyters or deacons who shall inquire into the revenues of each church and reparations they need, as well as into the life of the ministers.
(trans. M. Szada)


On the meaning of parrochia (most often equivalent of the diocese; ecclesia parrochialis is a church belonging to the diocese in contrast to the private and monastic ones) see Sotomayor 2004.

Place of event:

  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Toledo

About the source:

Title: Fourth Council of Toledo (633), IV Council of Toledo, IV Concilium Toletanum, IIII Concilium Toletanum, Concilium Toletanum quartum a. 633
Origin: Toledo (Iberian Peninsula)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The Fourth Council of Toledo was a council of the whole Visigothic church (86 bishops were present) gathered by King Sisenand (631-636)  in 633 and held under the presidency of Isidore of Seville. It is sometimes claimed on stylistic grounds that Isidore was an author of the decrees (Collins 2004: 79).
The acts of the Fourth Council of Toledo are transmitted in the 7th-century canonical collection from Spain, the so-called Hispana. Its authorship has been attributed to the Isidore of Seville (it is still accepted by Martinez Diez 1966; other scholars reject this attribution: Munier 1966; Gaudemet 1967: 122-124; Schaferdiek 1967: 144-148; Landau 1968: 406-418). This collection has several recensions: a primitive one, the so-called Isidoriana, lost today; the Juliana recension edited after 681 and attributed to the Julian of Toledo, that adds to the previous recension the acts and canons of the councils from the Fifth Council of Toledo do the Twelfth (in 681); the Vulgata recension edited between 694 and 702 that adds the acts and canons of the councils from the the Thirteenth Council of Toledo up to the Seventeenth held in 694, this recension was the most widespread during the Middle Ages (more bibliography see Kéry 1999: 61-67). The two recensions Iuliana and Vulgata give different titles to the canons of the Fourth Council of Toledo (Martinez Diez 1992: 17-20).
G. Martínez Díez, F. Rodríguez eds., La colección canónica Hispana, Monumenta Hispaniae sacra. Serie canónica 5, Madrid 1992.
R. Collins, Visigothic Spain, 409-711, Oxford, OX, UK; Malden, MA, USA 2004.
J. Gaudemet, review of: "G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1", Revue historique de droit français et étranger 4e ser.  45 (1967), 122-124.
L. Kéry, Canonical collections of the early Middle Ages (ca. 400-1140): a bibliographical guide to the manuscripts and literature, Washington, D.C 1999.
P. Landau, review of: "G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1", Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte Kanonistische Abteilung 54 (1968), 406-414.
G. Martínez Díez, La Colección canónica Hispana, vol. 1 Estudio, Madrid 1966.
C. Munier, "Saint Isidore de Séville est-il l’auteur de I’Hispana chronologique?", Sacris Erudiri 17 (1966), 230-241.
K. Schaferdiek, review of: "G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1", Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 78 (1967), 144-148.
M. Sotomayor, "Las relaciones iglesia urbana-iglesia rural en los concilios hispano-romanos y visigodos", Sacralidad y Arqueologia, Antig. Crist. (Murcia) 21 (2004), 525-539.


Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
    Ecclesiastical administration - Administering Church property
      Ecclesiastical administration - Construction/Renovation
        Ecclesiastical administration - Ecclesiastical envoy
          Described by a title - Minister/λειτουργός/ὑπηρέτης
            Equal prerogatives of presbyters and bishops
              Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER442,