Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 441
Canon 29 of the Fourth Council of Toledo (Iberian Peninsula, AD 633) forbids bishops, presbyters and deacons to consult soothsayers.
[Titulus in recensione Iuliana] XXVIIII Si episcopus aut presbyter seu diaconus uel ex ordine clericorum magos, haruspices, hariolos, augures uel sortilegos consulere fuerint deprehensi
[Titulus in recensione Vulgata] XXVIIII De sacerdotibus, Leuitis uel clericis magos aut haruspices consulentibus
Canon 29
Si episcopus quis aut presbyter siue diaconus uel quilibet ex ordine clericorum magos aut haruspices aut hariolos, aut certe augures uel sortilegos uel eos qui profitentur artem aliquam, aut aliquos eorum similia exercentes, consulere fuerit deprehensus, ab honore dignitatis suae depositus monasterii poenam excipiat ibique perpetua paenitentia deditus scelus admissum sacrilegii luat.  
(eds. Martinez Diez, Rodriguez 1992: 165, 173, 218)
[Title in the recension Iuliana] XXVIIII If a bishop or a presbyter, or deacon or other cleric is found to consult magicians, soothsayers, fortune-tellers, augurs or diviners
[Title in the recension Vulgata] XXVIIII On the priests, deacons and other clerics consulting magicians and soothsayers
Canon 29
If a bishop, presbyter, deacon, or other cleric is found to consult magicians, soothsayers, fortune-tellers, augurs or diviners, or others who profess this kind of art, or others who practise similar things, he shall be deposed from his honourable office and placed in a monastery where he shall dedicate himself to perpetual penance that will clean this crime of sacrilege.
(trans. M. Szada)

Place of event:

  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Gaul
  • Toledo

About the source:

Title: Fourth Council of Toledo (633), IV Council of Toledo, IV Concilium Toletanum, IIII Concilium Toletanum, Concilium Toletanum quartum a. 633
Origin: Toledo (Iberian Peninsula)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The Fourth Council of Toledo was a council of the whole Visigothic church (86 bishops were present) gathered by King Sisenand (631-636)  in 633 and held under the presidency of Isidore of Seville. It is sometimes claimed on stylistic grounds that Isidore was an author of the decrees (Collins 2004: 79).
The acts of the Fourth Council of Toledo are transmitted in the 7th-century canonical collection from Spain, the so-called Hispana. Its authorship has been attributed to the Isidore of Seville (it is still accepted by Martinez Diez 1966; other scholars reject this attribution: Munier 1966; Gaudemet 1967: 122-124; Schaferdiek 1967: 144-148; Landau 1968: 406-418). This collection has several recensions: a primitive one, the so-called Isidoriana, lost today; the Juliana recension edited after 681 and attributed to the Julian of Toledo, that adds to the previous recension the acts and canons of the councils from the Fifth Council of Toledo do the Twelfth (in 681); the Vulgata recension edited between 694 and 702 that adds the acts and canons of the councils from the the Thirteenth Council of Toledo up to the Seventeenth held in 694, this recension was the most widespread during the Middle Ages (more bibliography see Kéry 1999: 61-67). The two recensions Iuliana and Vulgata give different titles to the canons of the Fourth Council of Toledo (Martinez Diez 1992: 17-20).
G. Martínez Díez, F. Rodríguez eds., La colección canónica Hispana, Monumenta Hispaniae sacra. Serie canónica 5, Madrid 1992.
R. Collins, Visigothic Spain, 409-711, Oxford, OX, UK; Malden, MA, USA 2004.
P.C. Díaz, "Monasticism and Liturgy in Visigothic Spain", [in :] The Visigoths: Studies in Culture and Society, ed. A. Ferreiro, Leiden 1999, 169-200.
J. Gaudemet, review of: "G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1", Revue historique de droit français et étranger 4e ser.  45 (1967), 122-124.
L. Kéry, Canonical collections of the early Middle Ages (ca. 400-1140): a bibliographical guide to the manuscripts and literature, Washington, D.C 1999.
P. Landau, review of: "G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1", Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte Kanonistische Abteilung 54 (1968), 406-414.
G. Martínez Díez, La Colección canónica Hispana, vol. 1 Estudio, Madrid 1966.
C. Munier, "Saint Isidore de Séville est-il l’auteur de I’Hispana chronologique?", Sacris Erudiri 17 (1966), 230-241.
K. Schaferdiek, review of: "G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1", Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 78 (1967), 144-148.


Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
    Described by a title - Sacerdos/ἱερεύς
      Administration of justice - Ecclesiastical
        Administration of justice - Demotion
          Monastic or common life
            Administration of justice - Imprisonment
              Ritual activity - Divination
                Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER441,