Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 440
Canon 28 of the Fourth Council of Toledo (Iberian Peninsula, AD 633) establishes the rules for restoring unjustly demoted bishops, presbyters and deacons.
[Titulus in recensione Iuliana] XXVIII Si episcopus presbyter diaconus subdiaconus a grados suos deiecti fuerint et in secundo synodo innocentes inueniantur.
[Titulus in recensione Vulgata] XXVIII De ordine quo depositi iterum ordinantur.
Canon 28
Episcopus, presbyter aut diaconus si a gradu suo iniuste deiectus, in secunda synodo innocens reperiatur, non potest esse quod fuerat nisi gradus amissos recipiat; ut si episcopus fuit, recipiat coram altario de manu episcoporum orarium, anulum et baculum; si presbyter, orarium et planetam; si diaconus, orarium et albam; si subdiaconus, patenam et calicem; sic et reliqui gradus ea in reparationem sui recipiant quae cum ordinarentur perceperant.  
(eds. Martinez Diez, Rodriguez 1992: 164-165, 173, 217-218)
[Title in the recnesion Iuliana] XXVIII If a bishop, a presbyter, a deacon or a subdeacon were demoted from their grades, but later were found innocent at the next council
[Title in the recension Vulgata] XXVIII On the rules of the restoration of demoted clerics
Canon 28
A bishop, presbyter or deacon demoted injustly from his grade, and later found innocent at the next council, must be restored to the office they have lost. If one used to be a bishop, he shall receive from the hands of bishops before the altar a stole, a ring, and a pastoral stuff. If he used to be a presbyter, he shall receive a stole and a chasuble (planeta). If he used to be a deacon, he shall receive a stole and an alb. If he used to be a subdeacon, he shall receive a paten and a chalice. Similarly the other clerical grades shall upon restoration receive what they received upon ordination.
(trans. M. Szada)

Place of event:

  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Gaul
  • Toledo

About the source:

Title: Fourth Council of Toledo (633), IV Council of Toledo, IV Concilium Toletanum, IIII Concilium Toletanum, Concilium Toletanum quartum a. 633
Origin: Toledo (Iberian Peninsula)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The Fourth Council of Toledo was a council of the whole Visigothic church (86 bishops were present) gathered by King Sisenand (631-636)  in 633 and held under the presidency of Isidore of Seville. It is sometimes claimed on stylistic grounds that Isidore was an author of the decrees (Collins 2004: 79).
The acts of the Fourth Council of Toledo are transmitted in the 7th-century canonical collection from Spain, the so-called Hispana. Its authorship has been attributed to the Isidore of Seville (it is still accepted by Martinez Diez 1966; other scholars reject this attribution: Munier 1966; Gaudemet 1967: 122-124; Schaferdiek 1967: 144-148; Landau 1968: 406-418). This collection has several recensions: a primitive one, the so-called Isidoriana, lost today; the Juliana recension edited after 681 and attributed to the Julian of Toledo, that adds to the previous recension the acts and canons of the councils from the Fifth Council of Toledo do the Twelfth (in 681); the Vulgata recension edited between 694 and 702 that adds the acts and canons of the councils from the the Thirteenth Council of Toledo up to the Seventeenth held in 694, this recension was the most widespread during the Middle Ages (more bibliography see Kéry 1999: 61-67). The two recensions Iuliana and Vulgata give different titles to the canons of the Fourth Council of Toledo (Martinez Diez 1992: 17-20).
G. Martínez Díez, F. Rodríguez eds., La colección canónica Hispana, Monumenta Hispaniae sacra. Serie canónica 5, Madrid 1992.
R. Collins, Visigothic Spain, 409-711, Oxford, OX, UK; Malden, MA, USA 2004.
P.C. Díaz, "Monasticism and Liturgy in Visigothic Spain", [in :] The Visigoths: Studies in Culture and Society, ed. A. Ferreiro, Leiden 1999, 169-200.
J. Gaudemet, review of: "G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1", Revue historique de droit français et étranger 4e ser.  45 (1967), 122-124.
L. Kéry, Canonical collections of the early Middle Ages (ca. 400-1140): a bibliographical guide to the manuscripts and literature, Washington, D.C 1999.
P. Landau, review of: "G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1", Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte Kanonistische Abteilung 54 (1968), 406-414.
G. Martínez Díez, La Colección canónica Hispana, vol. 1 Estudio, Madrid 1966.
C. Munier, "Saint Isidore de Séville est-il l’auteur de I’Hispana chronologique?", Sacris Erudiri 17 (1966), 230-241.
K. Schaferdiek, review of: "G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1", Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 78 (1967), 144-148.


Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
    Act of ordination
      Ritual activity - Liturgical vestments
        Ecclesiastical administration - Participation in councils and ecclesiastical courts
          Administration of justice - Ecclesiastical
            Administration of justice - Demotion
              Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER440,