Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 439
Canon 27 of the Fourth Council of Toledo (Iberian Peninsula, AD 633) makes presbyters and deacons ordained to the diocesan churches promise to their bishop that they will live in chastity.
[Titulus in recensione Iuliana] XXVII Quando presbyteres aut diacones per parrocias consituuntur, oporteat eos professionem episcopo suo facere.
[Titulus in recensione Vulgata] XXVII De professione presbyterorum uel diaconorum episcopo facienda cum in parrociis ordinantur.
Canon 27
Quando presbyteres aut diacones per parrocias constituuntur, oportet eos professionem episcopo suo facere ut caste et pure uiuant sub Dei timore, ut dum eos talis professio alligat, uitae sanctae disciplina retineat.
(eds. Martinez Diez, Rodriguez 1992: 164, 172, 217)
[Title in the recension Iuliana] XXVII When presbyters and deacons are constituted in diocesesan churches, they should make profession to their bishop.
[Title in the recension Vulgata] XXVII That presbyters and deacons ordained in diocesan churches shall make profession to their bishops
Canon 27
When presbyters and deacons are constituted in diocesan churches, they shall make a profession to their bishop that they will live chastely and purely in the fear of God, so that as long as this profession binds them, they will keep the discipline of holy life.
(trans. M. Szada)


On the meaning of parrochia (most often equivalent of the diocese; ecclesia parrochialis is a church belonging to the diocese in contrast to the private and monastic ones) see Sotomayor 2004.

Place of event:

  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Toledo

About the source:

Title: Fourth Council of Toledo (633), IV Council of Toledo, IV Concilium Toletanum, IIII Concilium Toletanum, Concilium Toletanum quartum a. 633
Origin: Toledo (Iberian Peninsula)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The Fourth Council of Toledo was a council of the whole Visigothic church (86 bishops were present) gathered by King Sisenand (631-636)  in 633 and held under the presidency of Isidore of Seville. It is sometimes claimed on stylistic grounds that Isidore was an author of the decrees (Collins 2004: 79).
The acts of the Fourth Council of Toledo are transmitted in the 7th-century canonical collection from Spain, the so-called Hispana. Its authorship has been attributed to the Isidore of Seville (it is still accepted by Martinez Diez 1966; other scholars reject this attribution: Munier 1966; Gaudemet 1967: 122-124; Schaferdiek 1967: 144-148; Landau 1968: 406-418). This collection has several recensions: a primitive one, the so-called Isidoriana, lost today; the Juliana recension edited after 681 and attributed to the Julian of Toledo, that adds to the previous recension the acts and canons of the councils from the Fifth Council of Toledo do the Twelfth (in 681); the Vulgata recension edited between 694 and 702 that adds the acts and canons of the councils from the the Thirteenth Council of Toledo up to the Seventeenth held in 694, this recension was the most widespread during the Middle Ages (more bibliography see Kéry 1999: 61-67). The two recensions Iuliana and Vulgata give different titles to the canons of the Fourth Council of Toledo (Martinez Diez 1992: 17-20).
G. Martínez Díez, F. Rodríguez eds., La colección canónica Hispana, Monumenta Hispaniae sacra. Serie canónica 5, Madrid 1992.
R. Collins, Visigothic Spain, 409-711, Oxford, OX, UK; Malden, MA, USA 2004.
P.C. Díaz, "Monasticism and Liturgy in Visigothic Spain", [in :] The Visigoths: Studies in Culture and Society, ed. A. Ferreiro, Leiden 1999, 169-200.
J. Gaudemet, review of: "G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1", Revue historique de droit français et étranger 4e ser.  45 (1967), 122-124.
L. Kéry, Canonical collections of the early Middle Ages (ca. 400-1140): a bibliographical guide to the manuscripts and literature, Washington, D.C 1999.
P. Landau, review of: "G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1", Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte Kanonistische Abteilung 54 (1968), 406-414.
G. Martínez Díez, La Colección canónica Hispana, vol. 1 Estudio, Madrid 1966.
C. Munier, "Saint Isidore de Séville est-il l’auteur de I’Hispana chronologique?", Sacris Erudiri 17 (1966), 230-241.
K. Schaferdiek, review of: "G. Martinez Diez, La coleccion canonica Hispana 1", Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte 78 (1967), 144-148.


Sexual life - Sexual activity
    Sexual life - Sexual abstinence
      Functions within the Church - Parish presbyter
        Functions within the Church - Rural presbyter
          Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
            Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
              Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER439,