Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 379
Canon 5 of the Council of Turin (Italy, AD 398) decrees, dealing with the case of the Presbyter Exuperantius, that only the bishop who excommunicated a presbyter can reinstate him.
[Capitulum secundum cod. C] IV (sic!). De Exsuperantio presbytero.
[Capitulum secundum codd. A et R] VI (sic!). De presbytero qui episcopo suo contumeliosus steterit.
[Capitulum secundum coll. Hispanam] IV (sic!). De clericis qui per culpam ab episcopo suo excommunicantur.
V. Statuit quoque de Exuperantio presbytero sancta synodus qui in iniuriam sancti episcopi sui Triferii grauia et multa congesserat et frequentibus eum contumeliis prouocarat, ita ut nonnulla fecerit contra ecclesiasticam disciplinam, propter quam causam ab eo fuerat dominica communione priuatus, ut in eius sit arbitrio restitutio ipsius in cuius potestate fuit eius abiecto: hoc est ut quando uel idem Exuperantius satisfecerit uel episcopo Triferio uisum fuerit, tum gratiam communionis accipiat.
(ed. Munier 1963: 57 and 59)
[Title according to the codex C] III (sic!). Concerning Presbyter Exuperantius.
[Title according to the codices A and R] VI (sic!). Concerning a presbyter who continuously besmirched his bishop.
[Title according to the Hispana collection] IV (sic!). Concerning clerics who are excommunicated for their crimes by their bishops.
V. The holy synod also decreed in the case of Presbyter Exuperantius who amassed many and grave [accusations] against his Bishop Triferius and frequently provoked him with insults, thus proceeding against the church discipline, which resulted in him being deprived of the Lord's communion by the said [bishop], that his reinstatement depends on the same person in whose power it was to excommunicate him. This means that Exuperantius will obtain the grace of communion only when he will make amends, or Bishop Triferius will see it fit.
(trans. J. Szafranowski)


The see of Triferius, and hence the diocese in which Exuperantius served, is unknown. Triferius is also listed among the bishops who attended the Council of Nîmes of AD 394/396, see e.g. [367].
Exuperantius was one of the two presbyters of Bishop Triferius that we know of. The other was Spanus, see [374].
It should be noted that in the codex from Toulouse (Tolosanus 364) the title of the whole council relates to the canon concerning Exuperantius: Synodus in urbe Taurinatium. Statuta quoque de Exuperantio prebytero qui in iniuriam episcopi sui Triferi grauia et multa congesserat ("Synod in the city of Turin. Statutes concerning also the Presbyter Exuperantius who amassed many and grave [accusations] against his Bishop Triferius").

Place of event:

  • Italy north of Rome with Corsica and Sardinia
  • Turin

About the source:

Title: Council of Turin 398, Concilium Taurinense anno 398
Origin: Turin (Italy north of Rome with Corsica and Sardinia)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The Council of Turin gathered at the request of Gallic bishops and was chaired by bishop Simplicianus of Milan. The actual year of the synod was subject to a long scholarly debate, mainly because of the letter of pope Zosimos dated AD 417, in which he also mentions the Council of Turin (see MGH Epistolae 3.I.2) which according to him delt with bishop Brictio of Tours, who was appointed in the late 397. Hence, the Council of Turin was placed variously between 398 and 417. Currently, majority of the scholars agree on the date of 398. See discussion in Gaudemet 1977: 133-134. Most canons of this council deal with specific cases and not general issues.
Ch. Munier ed., Concilia Galliae a. 314-a. 506, Corpus Christianorum. Series Latina 148, Turnhoult 1963.
J. Gaudemet, Conciles gaulois du IVe siècle, Sources chrétiennes 241, Paris 1977


Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Described by a title - Clericus
Specific number of presbyters from the same church
Relation with - Another presbyter
Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
Administration of justice - Excommunication/Anathema
Public law
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: J. Szafranowski, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER379,