Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 2312
Gregory the Great orders Bishop Chrysantus of Spoleto to grant some relics of Saint Sabinus to Valerianus, a church notary and possibly cleric from Fermo, who founded an oratory dedicated to Sabinus in Fermo. Gregory the Great, Letter 9.59, AD 598.
Letter 9.59 to Bishop Chrysantus of Spoleto (November 598)
Gregorius Chrysanto episcopo
Valerianus notarius ecclesiae firmanae sanctuaria beati martyris Sauini oblata petitione sibi postulat debere concedi, quatenus in eius nomine oratorium propriis constructum sumptibus possit sollemniter consecrari. Et ideo, frater carissime, praefati desideriis ex nostro te mandato conuenit oboedire, ut deuotionis suae in consecratione quam postulat potiatur effectum.
(ed. Norberg 1982: )
Letter 9.59 to Bishop Chrysantus of Spoleto (November 598)
Gregory to Chrysantus, bishop
Valerianus, a notary of the church of Fermo, asks with written a petition that relics of the blessed martyr Sabinus should be granted to him, so that an oratory built at his own expense might be solemnly consecrated in Sabinus' name. And so, dearest brother, it is proper for you to obey the wishes of the aforesaid notary, by our command, so that he may obtain the outcome of his devotion in the consecration that he demands.
(trans. Martyn 2004: 580–581, slightly altered by J. Szafranowski)


It is uncertain whether the clericus Valerianus of Fermo in letter 9.52 [2310] is the same person as mentioned in this and the previous (9.58, [2311]) letters. In the latter, Gregory orders Bishop Passivus of Fermo to consecrate the oratory mentioned in the present letter.
It is just possible that this Valerianus should be identified with Presbyter Valerianus who ransomed the captives in Cyrenaica with Gregory's support in 592 [2309].

Place of event:

  • Italy north of Rome with Corsica and Sardinia
  • Rome
  • Italy north of Rome with Corsica and Sardinia
  • Fermo
  • Rome
  • Spoleto

About the source:

Author: Gregory the Great
Title: Letters, Epistulae, Epistolae, Registrum epistularum, Registrum epistolarum
Origin: Rome (Rome)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Gregory, later called the Great (Gregorius Magnus), was born ca 540 to an influential Roman family with some connection to the ancient gens Anicia. His great-great-grandfather was Felix III, who served as the bishop of Rome from 526 to 530. Possibly, Agapetus I, pope between 535 and 536, was his relative as well. Little is known about his early career, but in 573 Gregory ascended to the high office of city prefect. Shortly afterwards, however, he resigned from his post and adopted the monastic way of life. He founded a monastery dedicated to St. Andrew within his family estate on Coelian Hill, next to the library established by Agapetus and Cassiodorus. Six other monasteries were founded in the estates his family owned in Sicily. Soon after his monastic conversion, he started to be given various tasks by Popes Benedict I (575–578) and Pelagius II (578–590). At that time, he was ordained a deacon. Between 579 and 585/6, Gregory acted as Pelagius` envoy in Constantinople. In 590, he was elected Pelagius` successor to the bishopric of Rome. The registry of his letters contained copies of Gregory`s papal correspondence up to his death in 604. The scope of Gregory`s original registry is still the subject of scholarly speculation. There are 854 extant letters gathered in fourteen volumes, most of them (686 letters) originating from the collection compiled at the time of Pope Hadrian I (772–795).
It is worth remembering that the majority of Gregory’s correspondence was jointly produced by the pope and his subordinates, see Pollard 2013.
D. Norberg ed., S. Gregorii Magni Registrum Epistularum, Corpus Christianorum: Series Latina 140, 140A, Turnhout 1982.
The Letters of Gregory the Great, trans. J.R.C. Martyn, Mediaeval Sources in Translation 40, Toronto 2004.
R.M. Pollard, A Cooperative Correspondence: The Letters of Gregory the Great, in: M. Dal Santo, B. Neil (eds.), A Companion to Gregory the Great, Leiden-Boston 2013, pp. 291–312.


Ecclesiastical administration - Construction/Renovation
Devotion - Veneration of saints and relics
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: J. Szafranowski, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER2312,