Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 202
The law forbidding bishops, presbyters and other clerics to sell or donate the property of the Church without the consent of the rest of the clergy. The codification known as Lex Visigothorum (issued and re-edited several times between AD 569 and 702).
De vindicionibus et donationibus ecclesiasticarum rerum.
Si quis episcopus aut presbiter vel quicumque ex clericis preter consensum ceterorum clericorum aliquid de rebus ecclesie vendiderit vel donaverit, hoc firmum non esse precipimus, nisi ita fuerit facta vinditio sive donatio, quemadmodum sanctorum canonum instituta consistuunt adque decernunt.
(ed. K. Zeumer 1905: 209)
On sales and donations of the ecclesiastical property.
If a bishop or presbyter or any other cleric sells or donates something belonging to the Church without the consent of the rest of the clergy, we declare this transaction invalid unless the said sale or donation was made according to the institutions of the sacred canons.
(trans. M. Szada)


This law can be already found in the Code of Euric (see [201]), but here the mention of the former canons is added.

Place of event:

  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Gaul

About the source:

Title: Lex Visigothorum, Liber iudiciorum, Liber iudiciorum sive Lex Visigothorum
Origin: Iberian Peninsula
Denomination: Arian, Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Lex Visigothorum is a codification of law first composed during the reign of King Leovigild (569-586) on the basis of the Code of Euric, but the basis of all extant manuscripts is its revised version from the reign of King Reccesvinth (649-672). The codification was also enlarged in the times of Kings Ervig (680-687) and Ecgica (687-702).
K. Zeumer ed., Liber iudiciorum sive lex Visigothorum, Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Leges nationum Germanicarum 1, Hannover, Leipzig 1902, 33-456.
The Visigothic Code (Forum Judicum), trans. S.P. Scott, Boston 1910
Leges Visigothorum in: Bibliotheca legum regni Francorum manuscripta,  Karl Ubl (Ed.) assisted by Dominik Trump and Daniela Schulz, Cologne 2012. URL:


Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
    Ecclesiastical administration - Administering Church property
      Private law - Secular
        Economic status and activity - Buying & selling
          Economic status and activity - Gift
            Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER202,