Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 199
Law 335 on the Code of Euric (ca 466-484, Gaul) regulates inheritance law for clerics, monks, and nuns.
[CCCXXV. Clerici, monaci vel sancti]moniales, qui
[usque ad septimum gradum n]on reliquerint
[heredes propinquos parente]sve, si nihil de
[suis facultatibus ordinaver]int, t[otam] s[ibi]
[ecclesia, cui servierunt, eor]um substantiam
(ed. K. Zeumer 1902: 27)
335. If clerics, monks, or nuns die without an heir from among their parents or other relatives up to the 7th degree of kinship and do not leave any dispositions concerning their assets, the church which they served takes over their whole property.
(trans. M. Szada)


The law appears to be drawn from the Codex Theodosianus V.3.1, where also monasteries are mentioned as a potential recipients of the inheritances. Here monasteries are omitted. According to Schaferdiek (1967: 16) Code of Euric primarly concerned the Arian church and  the omission of the monasteries can be a premise that if there was some monasticism there it was strictly linked to the bishop, and that there was apparently no monasteries (Heil 2014: 280-281).

Place of event:

  • Gaul

About the source:

Title: Code of Euric, Codex Euricianus, Legum codicis Euriciani fragmenta
Origin: Gaul
Denomination: Arian
The so-called Code of Euric is a codification of law composed and used in the Visigothic Kingdom of Toulouse. It is widely attributed to king Euric (466-484). The Code is reconstructed from the fragments preserved in the palimpsest Paris. Lat. 12161 and quotations in the later codifications, namely the Lex Baiuvariorum and the Lex Visigothorum.
K. Zeumer ed., Legum codicis Euriciani fragmenta, Monumenta Germaniae Historica. Leges nationum Germanicarum 1, Hannover, Leipzig 1902, 1-32
U. Heil, "The Homoians in Gaul", [in :] Arianism: Roman Heresy and Barbarian Creed, ed. G.M. Berndt, R. Steinacher, Farnham 2014, 271-296.
K. Schäferdiek, Die Kirche in den Reichen der Westgoten und Suewen bis zur Errichtung der westgotischen katholischen Staatskirche, Berlin 1967.


Religious grouping (other than Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian) - Arian
    Private law - Secular
      Economic status and activity - Inheritance
        Family life
          Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER199,