Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 1867
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Funerary inscription of the Presbyter Aufidius put up by his sister Auguria and his son, the Deacon Augurius, Trier (Gaul), ca 400/600 or 700/800.
Aufidius presbit[er]
ann(orum) plus minus LX[...]
hic in pace quies[cit],
cui Augurina s[oror]
et Augurius diac[onus]
filius pro carita[te]
titulum fieri iusse[runt].
(Recueil des inscriptions chrétiennes de la Gaule: I, 214)
Here lies in peace the Presbyter Aufidius, ... about 60 [or more than 60] years old . His sister Augurina and son, the Deacon Augurius, ordered out of love this epitaph to be made.
(trans. J. Szafranowski)


Judging by the vocabulary, especially by the use of cui and fieri iusserunt, Gauthier dated this inscription cautiously to the eighth century. Andrea Binsfeld, however, following in part the reasoning of Hiltrud Merten, proposed the earlier dating, possibly fifth/sixth century. The main arguement for the earlier date is the style of the vine-ornament. Gauthier's remarks on the vocabulary do not hold true as well.
It is impossible to determine the character of familial ties between the three people mentioned in this epitaph. There are three possibilities:
A. Deacon Augurius was the son of the Presbyter Aufidius; Aufidius' sister was called Auguria.
B. Deacon Augurius was the son of Auguria, sister of the Presbyter Aufidius.
C. Deacon Augurius was the son of the Presbyter Aufidus and Auguria; in this case, soror describes not the close relative, but rather a tenderness of relations between spouses. Andrea Binsfeld pointed out that the abbreviation s, which Gauthier read as soror, could denote sponsa ("spouse") as well.

Place of event:

  • Gaul
  • Trier

About the source:

Origin: Trier (Gaul)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
This epitaph was found in 1781 in Trier, not far from the bridge over the Moselle river. It is now conserved at the Musées royaux d`art et d`histoire in Brussels.
White marble slab in two fragments; dimensions: 53 cm x 73 cm x 4 cm, with letters 3 cm high and a bordure with the vine-ornament.
N. Gauthier (ed.), Recueil des inscriptions chrétiennes de la Gaule, vol. 1, Paris 1975, no. I, 214.
Trismegistos no. 461080
Epigraphik Datenbank Clauss/Slaby no. EDCS-10600757 (ill.)
O. Hirschfeld (ed.), Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum, vol. XIII, Berlin 1899, no. 3784.
E. Diehl (ed.), Inscriptiones Latinae christianae veteres, vol. 1, Berlin 1924/1925, no. 1170.
E. Gose, Katalog der frühchristlichen Inschriften in Trier, Berlin 1958, no. 722.
A. Binsfeld, Kirchliche Würdenträger in Trierer Inschriften in: Frühchristliche Grabinschriften im Westen des Römischen Reiches, ed. L. Clemens, H. Merten, Ch. Schäfer, Interdisziplinärer Dialog zwischen Archäologie und Geschichte 3, Trier 2015, pp. 43-49.
H. Merten, Eine frühchristliche Platte mit Weinrankenornament in Trier in: "Funde und Ausgrabungen im Bezirk Trier" 18 (1986), pp. 38-43.


Social origin or status - Clerical family
Family life - Marriage
Family life - Offspring
Burial/Funerary inscription
Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Relation with - Wife
Relation with - Brother/Sister
Relation with - Children
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: J. Szafranowski, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER1867,