Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ID
ER 1713
Letter from Justinian, the future emperor, to the Pope Hormisdas recommendin the legates which are to be sent to Rome, among them the Presbyter Heraclianus, AD 520. Letter 132 in the collection of the letters of Hormisdas "Quantam venerationem" (= letter 235 in the Collectio Avellana compiled in the second half of the 6th c.).
235. [in Coll. Avell.]
 
The Emperor expresses his concern for the unity of the Church. He informs him that from the beginning of his rule, he always asked the Pope through the people travelling to Italy about what is right. But now, a special embassy is sent to Rome - Bishop John of Claudiopolis, the Presbyter Heraclianus and the Deacon Constantinus from Constantinople, to receive a comprehensive response. He recommends the legates to the Pope. Then he asks whether it is right (as he thinks it is) to say that "Our Lord, Jesus Christ born of the Virgin Mary, of whom the highest of the Apostles preached that He suffered in body, one in the Trinity rules together with the Father and the Holy Spirit". Then he refers to the names of the late bishops whom the Pope ordered to remove from the dyptychs asking him for more indulgent attitude.
 
Summary M. Szada
 
(ed. Guenther 1895: 713; summary by M. Szada)

Discussion:

Justinian's question about Christ, His suffering and the Trinity, is prompted by the Theopaschite Controversy, see discussion in [1507] and [1672].

Place of event:

Region
  • East
  • Rome
City
  • Constantinople
  • Rome

About the source:

Author: Justinian
Title: Collectio Avellana, Epistulae, Letters
Origin: Rome (Rome)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
Hormisdas was a bishop of Rome from 514 until his death in 523. During his pontificate he managed to resolve the Acacian Schism (see the discussion in [1581]) in 519.
 
Collectio Avellana is a collection containing 244 letters issued by emperors, imperial magistrates and popes. The earliest piece is dated to AD 367, the latest to AD 553. Hence, the compilator worked most probably in the second half of the 6th c. 200 documents of the Collectio are not known from any other collection. The editor of the Collectio, Günther noticed that it can be divided into five thematic parts (Gunther 1896: 3-96; Steinacker 1902: 14-15; Blaudeau 2013: 4):
1) no. 1-40 is an independent collection making use of the records of the prefecture of the city of Rome concerning two episcopal elections;
2) no. 41-50 that are derived from the records of the bishopric in Carthage, and consist of the letters of Innocentius I and Zosimus;
3) no. 51-55, the late letters of Leo I not known from any other source, regarding the exile of Bishop Timothy II of Alexandria;
4) no. 56-104 the group of letters from the pontificates of Simplicius, Gelasius, Symmachus, John, Agapet, and Vigilius;
5) no. 105-243 the letters from the records of Hormisdas.
 
The modern name of the collection derives from the codex Vaticanus Latinus 4961 copied in the monastery Sancti Crucis in fonte Avellana that was considered the oldest by the brothers Ballerini who edited the Collectio in 1787.
Edition:
O. Guenther ed., Epistolae Imperatorum Pontificum Aliorum Inde ab a. CCCLXVII usque DLIII datae Avellana Quae Dicitur Collectio, Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum 35/1, 35/2, Prague, Vienna, and Leipzig 1895
A. Thiel ed., Epistolae Romanorum Pontificum genuinae et quae ad eos scriptae sunt a s. Hilaro usque ad Pelagium II, vol. 1, Brunsberga 1868
Bibliography:
P. Blaudeau, "Un point de contact entre collectio Avellana et collectio Thessalonicensis?”, Millennium Yearbook / Millenium Jahrbuch 10 (2013), 1–12.
A. Grillmeier and T. Hainthaler, Christ in Christian tradition, London 1995.
O. Guenther, Avellana-Studien, Wien 1896.
O. Guenther, "Zu den Gesta de nomine Acacii”, Byzantinische Zeitschrift 3 (1894), 146–149.
D. Moreau, "Les actes pontificaux comme sources des historiens et des chroniqueurs de l'Antiquité tardive", in: L'historiographie tardo-antique et la transmission des savoirs, ed. P. van Nuffelen, P. Blaudeau,  Millenium-Studien 55, Berlin, Boston 2015, 23-54.
H. Steinacker, "Ueber das älteste päpstliche Registerwesen”, Mitteilungen des Instituts für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung 23 (1902), 1–49.
A.A. Vasiliev, Justin the First. An Introduction to the Epoch of Justinian the Great, Cambridge, Mass. 1950.

Categories:

Travel and change of residence
Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Ecclesiastical administration - Ecclesiastical envoy
Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
Relation with - Noble
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER1713, http://www.presbytersproject.ihuw.pl/index.php?id=6&SourceID=1713