Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 1459
Pope Liberius writes to Bishop Eusebius of Vercelli, firstly asking him, and then thanking him for the assistance shown to Bishop Lucifer, the Presbyter Pancratius, and Deacon Hilarius at the time of the council of Milan, AD 355.
Letter 2
1. [...] Sane quia scio inuictum animum tuum fideliter agere, quae Deus praecepit, commendo tibi fratrem et coepiscopum nostrum Luciferum, sed et carissimos filios meos Pancratium presbyterum et Hilarium diaconum, qui pro statu ecclesiae animo uirili et uirtute deifica tempore tempestiuo aggressi sunt contra inimicos ecclesiae, quos Deus spiritu oris sui destruet.
Letter 3
Liberius episcopus dilectissimo fratri Eusebio.
1,1. Sciebam, domine frater carissime, quod spiritu Dei feruens in causa fidei, quae nos potest domino commendare, fratri et coepiscopo nostro Lucifero et Pancratio compresbytero nostro, qui simul erat profectus cum filio meo Hilario diacono, fida dignareris solatia exhibere nec te posses iis denegare, quos sciebas pro deuotione fidei suae tantum laborem itineris suscepisse.
(ed. Bulhart 1957: 122-123)
Letter 2
1. [...] I know that you with your unconquerable spirit faithfully do what God ordered. Therefore I command to you my brother and fellow-bishop Lucifer, and also my dearest sons the Presbyter Pancratius and Deacon Hilarius, who in the stormy time, for the well-being of the Church, with manly spirit and God-bearing power assailed the enemies of the Church, whom God will destroy by the spirit of his mouth.
Letter 3
Bishop Liberius to the dearest brother Eusebius.
 I knew, my dearest brother, that being fervent and filled with the Spirit of God in the matters of faith, in a way that can be commended to the Lord, you would show your solicitude to our brother and fellow-bishop Lucifer, and to our fellow-presbyter Pancratius, who departed together with my son Deacon Hilarius, and you could not deny, to those about whom you knew, that they undertook the pains of travel for their devotion to the faith.
(trans. S. Adamiak)


Lucifer, Pancratius, and Hilarius represented Pope Liberius at the council of Milan, convoked by Emperor Constantius II in AD 355, and together with Eusebius of Vercelli (a lector of the Roman Church before) defended the Nicene orthodoxy there.

Place of event:

  • Italy north of Rome with Corsica and Sardinia
  • Milan
  • Vercelli

About the source:

Author: Liberius
Title: Letters, Epistulae
Origin: Rome (Rome)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
V. Bulhart ed., Eusebii Vercellensis episcopi quae supersunt, Corpus Christianorum. Series Latina, Turnhout 1957, 121-124


Travel and change of residence
Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
Relation with - Heretic/Schismatic
Described by a title - Conpresbyter
Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: S. Adamiak, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER1459,