Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 142
Canon 4 of the Council of Tarragona (Iberian Peninsula) in AD 516 forbids bishops and presbyters to judge cases on Sundays.
Canon 4
Vt nullus episcopus uel infra positus die dominico causas iudicare praesumat.
Vt nullus episcoporum aut presbyterorum uel clericorum die Dominico propositum cuiusquumque causae negotium audeat iudicare, nisi hoc tantum, ut Deo statuta sollemnia peragant; ceteris uero diebus, conibentibus personis, illa quae iusta sunt, habeant licentiam iudicandi, excepto criminalia negotia.
(eds. Martínez Díez, Rodríguez 1984: 274)
Canon 4
That a bishop or someone below him shall not undertake to sit in judgement on Sunday
No bishop, or presbyter, or cleric shall dare to sit in judgement on Sunday, whatever the case, but they shall only celebrate the sacrifices due to God. On other days, however, they have the freedom to judge what is just to settle quarrels, with the exception of criminal cases.
(trans. M. Szada)

Place of event:

  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Tarragona

About the source:

Title: Council of Tarragona, Concilium Tarraconense
Origin: Tarragona (Iberian Peninsula)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
In AD 516 the provincial council was held in Tarragona which at the time was ruled by the Ostrogothic king Theodoric (he acted as a guardian for the king of Spain Amalaric). The anomalous presence of two bishops is worth noting - Hector of Cartagena and Orontius of Grenada. Their episcopal sees were outside the province of Tarragona.
G. Martínez Díez, F. Rodríguez, eds., La colección canónica Hispana, v. 4 Concilios Galos. Concilios Hispanos: primera parte, Madrid 1984.
J. Vives, Concilios visigóticos e hispano-romanos, Barcelona-Madrid 1963.


Described by a title - Presbyter/πρεσβύτερος
    Ritual activity - Eucharist
      Public law - Ecclesiastical
        Administration of justice - Ecclesiastical
          Equal prerogatives of presbyters and bishops
            Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER142,