Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 131
The council of Carthage (North Africa), AD 345/348 threatens with demotion clerics who woud not obey the canons.
Canon 14
Vt laici contemptore canonum excommunicentur, clerici honore priuentur.
[...] Si quis uero statuta supergressus corruperit uel pro nihilo habenda putauerit, si laicus est communione, si clericus est honore priuetur.
(ed. Munier 1974: 9-10)
Canon 14
Laymen who disregard the canons should be excommunicated, clerics deprived of their office.
[...] If someone disregarded the canons or considered them as worth nothing, if he is a layman, he should be deprived of the communion, and if he is a cleric, of his office.
(trans. S. Adamiak)


Since no person is supposed to be punished twice for the same crime, the punishment for the clerics (the deposition) can be seen as lighter than the excommunication, reserved for the laymen. See also [64].

Place of event:

  • Latin North Africa
  • Carthage

About the source:

Title: Council of Carthage 345/348, Concilium Carthaginense sub Grato a. 345/348, Concilium Carthaginis Africae primum
Origin: Carthage (Latin North Africa)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The synod of Catholic bishops gathered between 345 and 348, mainly in order to resist the Donatists.
Ch. Munier ed., Concilia Africae a. 345-a. 525, Corpus Christianorum. Series Latina 149, Turnhoult 1974.


Described by a title - Clericus
    Administration of justice - Excommunication/Anathema
      Administration of justice - Demotion
        Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: S. Adamiak, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER131,