Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 126
The Council of Carthage (North Africa) AD 345/348 forbids clergy and laymen to take communion in other churches without letters from their bishops.
Canon 7
Vt clerici vel laici in alia ecclesia non communicent sine litteris episcopi svi.
Cassianus Vsulensis episcopus dixit: statuat grauitas uestra ut unusquisque clericus uel laicus non communicent in alia plebe sine litteris episcopi sui.
Gratus episcopus dixit: nisi hoc obseruatum fuerit, communio fiet passiua.
Nam si cum litteris receptus fuerit et concordia inter episcopus seruatur ut nemo subtilis alterius fugiens communionem ad alium latenter accedat.
Vniuersi dixerunt: omnibus prouides et clero et laicis consulens.
(ed. Munier 1974: 6-7)
Canon 7
Neither clerics nor laymen should take communion in other churches without the letters from their bishop.
Cassianus, bishop of Usula, said: let your dignity order that no cleric or layman take communion in other churches without the letters from his bishop.
Bishop Gratus said: if this was not observed, there would be great confusion; but if he is accepted with the letters, the consent between bishops is preserved and nobody is escaping his own community in a subtle way, let him be happily accepted into another one.
All said: You provide for all, looking after both clergy and laymen.
(trans. S. Adamiak)


See also [65] about the prohibition of being ordained in another church without the permission of one's own bishop.

Place of event:

  • Latin North Africa
  • Carthage

About the source:

Title: Council of Carthage 345/348, Concilium Carthaginense sub Grato a. 345/348, Concilium Carthaginis Africae primum
Origin: Carthage (Latin North Africa)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The council of Catholic bishops gathered between 345 and 348, mainly in order to resist the Donatists.
Ch. Munier ed., Concilia Africae a. 345-a. 525, Corpus Christianorum. Series Latina 149, Turnhoult 1974.


Travel and change of residence
    Described by a title - Clericus
      Public law - Ecclesiastical
        Relation with - Bishop/Monastic superior
          Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: S. Adamiak, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER126,