Presbyters Uniwersytet Warszawski
ER 114
Canon 19 of the First Council of Toledo (Iberian Peninsula, AD 400) orders the excommunication of consecrated daughters of bishops, presbyters and deacons if they marry and of their parents if they consent to it.
Canon 19
Si sacerdotis uel diaconi filia religiosa peccauerit in finem tantum communicet
Episcopi siue presbyteri siue diaconi filia si deuota fuerit et peccauerit et maritum duxerit, si eam pater uel mater in affectu receperint, a communione habeantur alieni; pater uero causas in concilio se nouerit praestaturum. Mulier autem non admittatur ad communionem nisi, marito defuncto, egerit paenitentiam; si autem uiuente eo secesserit et paenituerit uel petierit communionem, in ultimo uitae deficiens accipiat communionem.
(eds. Martínez Díez, Rodríguez 1984: 335)
Canon 19
If a consecrated daughter of a priest or a deacon has sinned, she should receive communion only before death
If a consecrated daughter of a bishop, or a presbyter, or a deacon has sinned and married, and her father or mother has accepted her because of love, they should be excommunicated, and let the father know that he shall give an account of these things in the council. The woman shall not be admitted to communion unless she does penance after the death of her husband; if, however, she left him during his life, did penance and asked for a communion, she should receive communion on her deathbed.
(trans. by M. Szada)

Place of event:

  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Toledo

About the source:

Title: Council of Toledo I, Concilium Toletanum I, First Council of Toledo, Concilium I Toletanum
Origin: Toledo (Iberian Peninsula)
Denomination: Catholic/Nicene/Chalcedonian
The first council of Toledo was convened to deal with divisions among the Spanish episcopate caused by the conviction and execution of Priscillian in 385. Many people in Spain, the bishops among them, considered the judgement unfair and venerated Priscillian as a martyr. The acts of the council consist of the twenty canons with the preface and the subscriptions of the bishops, the creed (regula fidei) with 18 anathemas against Priscillian, the professions of faith declared by the former adherents of Priscillian and the closing sententia definitiva. The last two are excerpts from the full version of the conciliar acts which has not survived and has been transmitted in the manuscript tradition separate from canonical collection of Hispana (Chadwick 1976: 179-181; Burrus 1995: 104-105).
The date of the council is given in the beginning of the preface - it is the time of Arcadius and Honorius (then between 395-408) and of the consulship of Stilicho (400 or 405). The date given in the Spanish era is unreliable, because a lot of different versions survived in manuscripts. G. Martínez Díez and F. Rodríguez (1984: 326) thought that it was a later addition. Moreover, Ambrosius of Milan and Siricius are both already dead (the title sanctae memoriae is added before their names), therefore the council must have been held after 399. Also Hydatius in Chronicle dates the council to 400, so this is the most probable solution (Weckwerth 2004: 89-90).
G. Martínez Díez, F. Rodríguez, eds., La colección canónica Hispana, v. 4 Concilios Galos. Concilios Hispanos: primera parte, Madrid 1984.
J. Vives, Concilios visigóticos e hispano-romanos, Barcelona-Madrid 1963.
V. Burrus, The making of a heretic: gender, authority, and the Priscillianist controversy, Berkeley 1995.
H. Chadwick, Priscillian of Avila: the occult and the charismatic in the early church, Oxford 1976.
A. Weckwerth, Das erste Konzil von Toledo: philologischer und kirchenhistorischer Kommentar zur Constitutio concilii, Münster, Westfalen 2004.


Family life - Marriage
    Family life - Offspring
      Ecclesiastical administration - Participation in councils and ecclesiastical courts
        Relation with - Children
          Administration of justice - Ecclesiastical
            Private law - Ecclesiastical
              Please quote this record referring to its author, database name, number, and, if possible, stable URL: M. Szada, Presbyters in the Late Antique West, ER114,